Summer Quarter 2003, First Four Weeks
Carl Moxey

BD Wingerd, 1996
Rat Dissection Manual
Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
ISBN 0-8018-3690-5
Class Date Laboratory Exercise
I Mo. 09 June Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Lab
Overview of Skeletal Design
Axial Skeleton Overview
II Tu. 10 June Axial Skeleton 1
  Bones of the vertebral column and rib cage
III Th. 12 June Appendicular Skeleton 1
  Bones of the upper extremity
IV Mo. 16 June Appendicular Skeleton 2
  Bones of the lower extremity
V Tu. 17 June Axial Skeleton 2
  Skull:  cranial and facial bones; sutures
VI Th. 19 June Quiz 1
« A Sampler of Bones »
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VII Mo. 23 June Introduction to the Rat; Muscles 1
  Skin the rat and examine fascial planes
  Dissect muscle groups as instructed
VIII Tu. 24 June Muscles 2
  Continue muscle dissection
IX Th. 26 June Thorax
  Dissection of the heart
  Examination of thoracic viscera and blood vessels
X Mo. 30 June Abdomen and Pelvis
  Examination of digestive system viscera and their blood vessels
XI Tu. 01 July Abdomen and Pelvis
  Examination of urogenital structures and their blood vessels
XII Th. 03 July Quiz 2
Determination of the Grade
Quiz 1     .......40%
Quiz 2     .......40%
Attendance     .......10%
Participation     .......10%
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Prerequisites General and Animal Biology laboratory or equivalent is recommended.
Description Axial skeleton:
  vertebral column;
    cranial bones;
    facial bones;
Appendicular skeleton:
  upper extremity:
    bones of the shoulder girdle, arm, forearm, and hand;
  lower extremity:
    bones of the hip, thigh, leg, and foot.
Skinning the rat:
  fascial planes.
Thoracic anatomy:
  thoracic cavities and the mediastinum;
  respiratory system anatomy:
Cardiovascular system:
  heart anatomy:
    common carotid a;
    subclavian a;
    venous return to the heart.
Abdominopelvic anatomy:
  digestive system structures of the abdomen and pelvis:
    small intestine;
    large intestine;
  urinary system:
    urinary bladder.
  female reproductive system:
    uterine horn;
  male reproductive system:
    ductus deferens;
    seminal vesicles.
Course objectives To identify the individual bones of the human body, and selected structures.
To learn anatomic components of the body by dissection and to understand their regional and systems relationships.
To achieve practical dexterity in dissection and keenness of observation.
To learn how to use the Internet as a tool for augmenting knowledge learned in the laboratory exercises.
Although not required when taking the A&P 1 lecture course (BIO 4161), the data acquired during hands-on dissection and observation will facilitate the student’s comprehension of the lecture material.
Methodology Study of the human skeleton and dissection of the rat, with other anatomic specimens as available. The student will be responsible for being able to identify items specified in the laboratory guide handout. Material may be added to or deleted from this list as the instructor deems necessary. Laboratory exercise content may be augmented by assigned readings, Internet searches, or video presentations.
The practical examinations used to test the students’ knowledge may use specimens or illustrations.
Requirements Two practical examinations, with a good attendance and participation record.