BIO 4050: Human Anatomy & Physiology 1
Lecture & Laboratory
Possessing the skills for effective communication will be invaluable in your future endeavors.
This course affirms its commitment to practice-oriented education.
General and Animal Biology (BIO 4040-4042) or equivalents are strongly recommended.
Prior courses in mathematics and physics or chemistry would be useful.
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Introduction to anatomy and physiology:
overview of the Chordata;
directional and relational terms
planes of reference
matter and energy;
atoms and elements;
molecules and compounds;
structure of the membrane;
movements across membranes;
fluid and solute distribution;
cell adhesion molecules;
cell life cycle.
bones as organs;
structure of bone and cartilage;
development of bone.
Articulations and movements:
types of joints;
joint axes and movements.
mechanics of action;
Skeletal muscle physiology:
Action potentials and impulse conduction.
Anatomy of the brain stem, cerebellum, diencephalon, and cerebrum.
bones as organs;
structure of bone;
development of bone;
bones of the shoulder girdle,
arm, forearm, and hand
bones of the hip, thigh, leg, and foot.
epithelial tissue and glands;
Analysis of muscle action.
Skinning the rat:
Anatomy of the central nervous system:
evolution and general design.
Sheep brain dissection:
To learn and use basic relational anatomic terminology.
To learn the anatomic components of the human body and to understand
their regional and systems relationships.
To refresh one’s basic understanding of chemical processes and how
they apply to living organisms.
To understand how bones, joints, and muscles operate in consort to
permit body movement.
To refresh one’s knowledge of cell structure and function.
To understand the structure of the cell membrane and how it operates
to regulate cellular input, output, and communication.
To understand the anatomy and physiology of the human central nervous
system and how it functions in homeostasis.
To learn how to use the Internet as a tool for gathering information.
To identify the individual bones of the human body, and selected structures.
To identify selected structures of the central nervous system through examination of
models and specimens and by dissection.
To understand how the body obtains information, processes it, and executes a function
based on that processing.
To appreciate how to design experiments to test physiologic phenomena, to learn
how to be organized in performing the experiments, to collect data accurately,
and to prepare a detailed report of the exercise.
To achieve practical dexterity in dissection and keenness of observation.
To learn how to use the Internet as a tool for augmenting knowledge learned in
the laboratory exercises.
With the fully integrated anatomy and physiology curriculum, the laboratory component
is integral to the student’s learning experience. Not only do the
data acquired during hands-on dissection and observation, and physiologic experimentation
facilitate comprehension of the lecture material, but much of the anatomy is now presented
only within the laboratory setting.
Class lectures based upon the distributed outlines. This material may,
from time to time, be augmented by assigned readings, Internet searches,
or video presentations.
Exams will be based on the lecture presentations and any other assigned material.
Study of the human skeleton and dissection of the rat, with other anatomic
specimens as available. The student will be responsible for being able to identify
items specified in the laboratory guide handout. Material may be added to or deleted
from this list as the instructor deems necessary. Laboratory exercise content may be
augmented by assigned readings, Internet searches, or video presentations.
The practical examinations used to test the student’s knowledge may use
specimens or illustrations.
Two examinations with a good attendance record, as specified on the fine print page.
Two practical examinations with a good attendance record and active participation.